These differences lie in fundamental issues such as origins, belief systems, theological matters, liturgy, etc.
Any individual born to a Jewish mother is a Jew. When it originated in the middle of the first century, it was but a marginal sect of Judaism, limited to a small province called Levant, on the eastern boundary of the Roman Empire. 1 billion followers)
(approx. Wedlocks outside the faith are highly discouraged.
Today, the highest concentration of Zoro?strian adherents is in India, where they are commonly known as P?rsis. The faith developed, initially as San?tana Dharma (the eternal law), and later on as Brahmanism, before it could consolidate at a later date as Hinduism. Adherents of Hinduism are known as Hindus. The Muslims also believe in the notion of the Day of Judgment (Al-Qiy?mah), when God will resurrect all the dead from their graves, and put them into heaven or hell, depending on their deeds. Idol worship is absent in the faith. Owing to this, it is better to consider each religion as a distinct set of beliefs, rather than grouping them under various categories.
Major World Religions
o The symbol of the Druze faith, the Druze star, bears five colors symbolizing five different things viz., green (mind), red (soul), yellow (word), blue (willpower), and white (understanding of the material world).
o Most rituals of the Wiccans are held at night, either in the moonlight or by the bonfires or within the consecrated spaces at home or in the temple.
The Bahá’í Faith, one of the youngest monotheistic religious traditions in the world, was founded in Iran in 1863 by a man called Bahá’u’lláh. Added to this, there are five great vows (Mah?vrata) that every Jain is expected to take, and follow all through his life. Similarly, religious Hindus do go on pilgrimages, though this is not mandatory in the religion. Added to these, there are a number of festivals in Judaism, including the three pilgrimage festivals, and their festival of lights, the Hanukkah.
o A totem, hence becomes an object of veneration for the entire clan.
o They are allowed to hide their religion whenever needed, especially in adverse situations, which is what makes the faith unique.
(approx. He is omnipotent and imperishable. Divorce is discouraged, but not prohibited. There are two sections of the Avest? viz., the Avest? consisting of 17 hymns believed to be composed by Zoro?ster; and the Younger Avest? that comprises commentaries, myths, and detailed descriptions of various ritual practices. The adherents of Zoroastrianism are known as the Zoroastrians.
The Zoro?strians regard Ahur? Mazd? to be the creator of all the good things in the universe, a?a, which the evil, druj tries to destroy. But, added to the religions that believe in the divinity of the universe, we also have some faiths countering, or sometimes even completely denying the concept of God. Children are considered to be spiritual beings, and hence their upbringing is a very important task that the parents undertake.
(approx. Apart from worshiping God, the Muslims also worship tombs of a large number of saints. 2.6 million followers)
(approx. Even today, though Sikh diaspora is quite visibly present in numerous parts of the world, Punjab remains the only region, where majority of the population is Sikh. Owing to Jesus’ hypostatic character, he is both, the ‘prophet’ of the Almighty, and the ‘messiah’, who will save humanity. However, Ahur? Mazd? does not pervade the material world as he is assumed to be the ‘uncreated creator’, but can be worshiped through a host of other lesser divinities called the Amesha Spentas and the Yazatas. This, however, is a part of Muslim folk religion, wherein a particular saint is important in a particular region, and is hence venerated there. In the early Vedic period, natural entities and phenomena came to be worshiped as divinities, while the religion of the later Vedic period was sacrificial in nature, which means that gods and goddesses were invoked by making sacrificial offerings to them. However, studies in cultural anthropology give us an idea about the possible origins of religious worship and practices. The sacred book of the Christians is the Holy Bible, which features various canonical gospels, and other New Testament writings.
Founded by prophet Zoro?ster in ancient Persia (present day Iran) about 3,500 years ago, Zoro?strianism is one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions. 4.2 million followers)
Jainism is one of the smallest of the major religions of the world. In return for all the good things which the God endows people with, they have to abide by His laws, and live a sacred life spreading peace and harmony in the world. Moreover, special occasions such as birth, marriage, and death involve elaborately defined religious customs. It was founded in the Middle East, around 3,500 years ago, by a prophet called Moses, to whom, it is believed that God revealed his laws and commandments. God, in Hinduism, is a very complex concept. The expression ?k ?a?k?r (the supreme reality) represents the universality of Godhead. The Jains do worship images of the Tirthank?ras in their temples, and all of these images bear elaborate iconographies. When the orthodox Brahmanism became very stringent and exploitative, especially towards the lower classes, Siddhartha Gautama, commonly called the Buddha (the enlightened one), came up with new philosophical doctrines, and established a sect of yellow-robed followers belonging to all strata of the society.
The entire Buddhist faith rests on the Four Noble Truths (catt?ri ariyasacc?ni), which are the core of all Buddhist teachings. Added to this, there is a concept of Godhead in Christian faith, which says that within the personality of God, the Ultimate One, there are always three eternally co-existing characters viz., the Father (creator and controller of universe), the Son (Jesus Christ, the messiah), and the Holy Spirit (the transcendent reality that permeates the cosmos). Moreover, Hindu festivals are regarded as symbolic rituals taking individuals on the path of dharma. The end result was an independent religious tradition devoid of click here for more